the Nansen Group
- Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center (established in 1986), Bergen, Norway
- TerraOrbit A/S (established in 1987), Bergen, Norway
- COTO Ltd (established in 1996), Bergen, Norway
- Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing Center (NIERSC), (established in 1992) St.Petersburg, Russia
- Nansen Environmental Research Centre India Pvt. Ltd. (NERCI) (established in 1998), Kochi, Kerala, India
- ARCTICA, Bergen, Norway (established in 1996)
The Nansen Groups long-term strategy includes the establishment of similar centres in China, South America and Africa to provide an impetus for globally-oriented research in support of sustainable development of the earths resources and to mitigate the adverse effects of climate change.
Prof. Ola M. Johannessen, the founder-director of the group, is a Norwegian scientist and professor of international repute with over 30 years experience in the fields of oceanography, remote sensing, polar sciences and climate studies. Apart from Norway, he has worked in Brazil, the United States, Canada, Italy and India.
The group is inspired by the life of Fridtjof Nansen (1861-1930), renowned Norwegian biologist, oceanographer, polar explorer, diplomat and humanist. The FRAM expedition, conceived and led by Nansen to chart Arctic waters by freezing a ship into the pack ice and allowing it to drift for 3 years was completed in 1896. This laid the foundation for research in the Arctic Ocean, which is today known to be a key component of the global climate system. Nansen was empowered by 52 nations to issue the Nansen Passport to millions of war prisoners and refugees in the aftermath of the First World War and the Russian Revolution and organised their feeding and repatriation. In 1922, Nansen was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his humanitarian work. He played a key role in Norways separation from Sweden in 1905 and also served as Norways representative to Great Britain and to the League of Nations.